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Intratumoural evolutionary landscape of high-risk prostate cancer: the PROGENY study of genomic and immune parameters

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Title: Intratumoural evolutionary landscape of high-risk prostate cancer: the PROGENY study of genomic and immune parameters
Authors: Linch, M
Goh, G
Hiley, C
Shanmugabavan, Y
McGranahan, N
Rowan, A
Wong, YNS
King, H
Furness, A
Freeman, A
Linares, J
Akarca, A
Herrero, J
Rosenthal, R
Harder, N
Schmidt, G
Wilson, GA
Birkbak, NJ
Mitter, R
Dentro, S
Cathcart, P
Arya, M
Johnston, E
Scott, R
Hung, M
Emberton, M
Attard, G
Szallasi, Z
Punwani, S
Quezada, SA
Marafioti, T
Gerlinger, M
Ahmed, HU
Swanton, C
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Background Intratumoural heterogeneity (ITH) is well recognised in prostate cancer (PC), but its role in high-risk disease is uncertain. A prospective, single-arm, translational study using targeted multiregion prostate biopsies was carried out to study genomic and T-cell ITH in clinically high-risk PC aiming to identify drivers and potential therapeutic strategies. Patients and methods Forty-nine men with elevated prostate-specific antigen and multiparametric-magnetic resonance imaging detected PC underwent image-guided multiregion transperineal biopsy. Seventy-nine tumour regions from 25 patients with PC underwent sequencing, analysis of mutations, copy number and neoepitopes combined with tumour infiltrating T-cell subset quantification. Results We demonstrated extensive somatic nucleotide variation and somatic copy number alteration heterogeneity in high-risk PC. Overall, the mutational burden was low (0.93/Megabase), but two patients had hypermutation, with loss of mismatch repair (MMR) proteins, MSH2 and MSH6. Somatic copy number alteration burden was higher in patients with metastatic hormone-naive PC (mHNPC) than in those with high-risk localised PC (hrlPC), independent of Gleason grade. Mutations were rarely ubiquitous and mutational frequencies were similar for mHNPC and hrlPC patients. Enrichment of focal 3q26.2 and 3q21.3, regions containing putative metastasis drivers, was seen in mHNPC patients. We found evidence of parallel evolution with three separate clones containing activating mutations of β-catenin in a single patient. We demonstrated extensive intratumoural and intertumoural T-cell heterogeneity and high inflammatory infiltrate in the MMR-deficient (MMRD) patients and the patient with parallel evolution of β-catenin. Analysis of all patients with activating Wnt/β-catenin mutations demonstrated a low CD8+/FOXP3+ ratio, a potential surrogate marker of immune evasion. Conclusions The PROGENY (PROstate cancer GENomic heterogeneitY) study provides a diagnostic platform suitable for studying tumour ITH. Genetic aberrations in clinically high-risk PC are associated with altered patterns of immune infiltrate in tumours. Activating mutations of Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway or MMRD could be considered as potential biomarkers for immunomodulation therapies.
Issue Date: 19-Jul-2017
Date of Acceptance: 1-Jul-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/51833
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdx355
ISSN: 0923-7534
Publisher: OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Start Page: 2472
End Page: 2480
Journal / Book Title: ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY
Volume: 28
Issue: 10
Copyright Statement: © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Sponsor/Funder: Wellcome Trust
Funder's Grant Number: 204998/Z/16/Z
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Oncology
prostate cancer
intratumoural heterogeneity
neoepitopes
tumour infiltrating lymphocytes
wnt signalling
mismatch repair
PD-1 BLOCKADE
HETEROGENEITY
MELANOMA
SURVIVAL
CELLS
CD8
1112 Oncology And Carcinogenesis
Oncology & Carcinogenesis
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Department of Surgery and Cancer