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Use of dispersion modelling for Environmental Impact Assessment of biological air pollution from composting: Progress, problems and prospects.

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Title: Use of dispersion modelling for Environmental Impact Assessment of biological air pollution from composting: Progress, problems and prospects.
Authors: Douglas, P
Hayes, ET
Williams, WB
Tyrrel, SF
Kinnersley, RP
Walsh, K
O'Driscoll, M
Longhurst, PJ
Pollard, SJT
Drew, GH
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: With the increase in composting asa sustainable waste management option, biological air pollution (bioaerosols) from composting facilities have become a cause of increasing concern due to their potential health impacts. Estimating community exposure to bioaerosols is problematic due to limitations in current monitoring methods. Atmospheric dispersion modelling can be used to estimate exposure concentrations, however several issues arise from the lack of appropriate bioaerosol data to use as inputs into models, and the complexity of the emission sources at composting facilities. This paper analyses current progress in using dispersion models for bioaerosols, examines the remaining problems and provides recommendations for future prospects in this area. A key finding is the urgent need for guidance for model users to ensure consistent bioaerosol modelling practices.
Issue Date: 7-Sep-2017
Date of Acceptance: 9-Aug-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/51527
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.08.023
ISSN: 1879-2456
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 22
End Page: 29
Journal / Book Title: Waste Management
Volume: 70
Copyright Statement: © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Bioaerosols
Compost
Dispersion modelling
Environmental Impact Assessment
0907 Environmental Engineering
Environmental Sciences
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:National Heart and Lung Institute