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Perspectives on procedure based assessments: a thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with ten UK surgical trainees

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Title: Perspectives on procedure based assessments: a thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with ten UK surgical trainees
Authors: Shalhoub, J
Marshall, D
Ippolito, K
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Objectives: The introduction of competency-based training has necessitated development and implementation of accompanying mechanisms for assessment. Procedure based assessments (PBAs) are an example of workplace-based assessments that are used to examine focal competencies in the workplace. The primary objective was to understand surgical trainees’ perspective on the value of PBA. Design: Semi-structured interviews with 10 surgical trainees individually interviewed to explore their views. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed, following this they were open and axial coded. Thematic analysis was then performed. Results: Semi-structured interviews yielded several topical and recurring themes. In trainees’ experience the use of PBAs as a summative tool limits their educational value. Trainees reported a lack of support from seniors and variation in the usefulness of the tool based on stage of training. Concerns related to the validity of PBAs for evaluating trainees’ performance with reports of ‘gaming’ the system and trainees completing their own assessments. Trainees’ did identify the significant value of PBAs when used correctly. Benefits included the identification of additional learning opportunities, standardisation of assessment and their role in providing a measure of progress. Conclusions: The UK surgical trainees interviewed identified both limitations and benefits to PBAs, however we would argue based on their responses and our experience that their use as a summative tool limits their formative use as an educational opportunity. PBAs should either be used exclusively to support learning or solely used as a summative tool, if so further work is needed to audit, validate and standardise them for this purpose.
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2017
Date of Acceptance: 6-Feb-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/51346
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013417
ISSN: 2044-6055
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Journal / Book Title: BMJ Open
Volume: 7
Replaces: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/44361
10044/1/44361
Copyright Statement: © 2017 The Authors. Published by BMJ Publishing Group. This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work noncommercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
WORKPLACE-BASED ASSESSMENT
MULTISOURCE FEEDBACK
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
EDUCATION
ASSOCIATION
PERFORMANCE
EXPERIENCES
EXERCISE
FUTURE
EDUCATION & TRAINING (see Medical Education & Training)
MEDICAL EDUCATION & TRAINING
SURGERY
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: e013417
Appears in Collections:Department of Surgery and Cancer