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N -heteroacenes as a new class of non-fullerene electron acceptors for organic bulk-heterojunction photovoltaic devices

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Title: N -heteroacenes as a new class of non-fullerene electron acceptors for organic bulk-heterojunction photovoltaic devices
Authors: Lami, V
Leibold, D
Fassl, P
Hofstetter, YJ
Becker-Koch, D
Biegger, P
Paulus, F
Hopkinson, PE
Adams, M
Bunz, UHF
Huettner, S
Howard, I
Bakulin, AA
Vaynzof, Y
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Herein, we present the first investigation of N-heteroacenes as acceptors in bulk-heterojunction solar cells. The optical and electronic properties of tetraazapentacene (TIPS-TAP), triptycenyl-tetraazapentacene (TIPS-TAP-1T), and bistriptycenyl-tetraazapentacene (TIPS-TAP-2T) compounds are characterized by UV-vis, photothermal deflection, and ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopies. We compare the photovoltaic performance of the N-heteroacenes and find that cells with TIPS-TAP-2T significantly outperform the other derivatives, achieving a power conversion efficiency of 2.5% without extensive optimization or processing additives. We characterize the morphology and order within the active layer by atomic force microscopy and grazing incidence wide-angle scattering measurements, and find that blends with TIPS-TAP result in a gross phase separation driven by its strong crystallization. The substitution with triptycenyl units suppresses this crystallization resulting in amorphous films with a finer intermixing and a smooth surface structure. Finally, we investigate the photophysics of charge separation at the donor/acceptor interface and find that it is fundamentally different from the “conventional” polymer-fullerene systems. In blends with the tetraazapentacene derivatives, exciton dissociation is relatively slow and charge separation is strongly field dependent. We observe improved charge generation and significantly reduced recombination for TIPS-TAP-2T as compared to the other derivatives, which in combination with the improved film microstructure is responsible for the enhanced photovoltaic performance.
Issue Date: 31-May-2017
Date of Acceptance: 11-Apr-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/49506
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/solr.201700053
ISSN: 2367-198X
Publisher: Wiley
Journal / Book Title: Solar RRL
Volume: 1
Issue: 6
Copyright Statement: © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is the accepted version of the following article, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/solr.201700053/abstract
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: 1700053
Appears in Collections:Chemistry
Faculty of Natural Sciences