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Post-fire behaviour of reinforced concrete stub columns confined by circular steel tubes

Title: Post-fire behaviour of reinforced concrete stub columns confined by circular steel tubes
Authors: Liu, F
Gardner, L
Yang, H
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Experimental and numerical studies into the structural behaviour of reinforced concrete columns confined by circular steel tubes after exposure to standard fire conditions are presented. These elements differ from conventional concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) columns in that breaks in continuity are present at the member ends, which limit the longitudinal stresses in the steel and maximise the level of confinement afforded to the concrete through the generation of hoop stresses in the tube. The temperature distributions in the specimens were measured during the heating and cooling phases, while the load–displacement relationships and longitudinal and transverse strains in the steel tube were recorded during the subsequent compressive tests. 3D finite element (FE) models were also developed using the program ABAQUS to investigate the post-fire performance of circular steel tube confined reinforced concrete (CSTCRC) columns, including both heat transfer and stress analyses. The FE models were used to identify the influences of key parameters on the residual capacity of CSTCRC columns, following exposure to the ISO-834 standard fire. The considered parameters included heating time, cross-sectional dimensions, strength of the materials, steel tube to concrete area ratio and ratio of reinforcement. Finally, a design method was proposed for predicting the residual load bearing capacity and compressive stiffness of CSTCRC columns after standard fire exposure.
Issue Date: 21-Jul-2014
Date of Acceptance: 28-Jun-2014
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/48757
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2014.06.015
ISSN: 0143-974X
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 82
End Page: 103
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Constructional Steel Research
Volume: 102
Copyright Statement: © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Keywords: Science & Technology
Construction & Building Technology
Engineering, Civil
Circular steel tube confined reinforced concrete
Compressive stiffness
Residual capacity
Thermal distribution
Civil Engineering
0905 Civil Engineering
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Civil and Environmental Engineering
Faculty of Engineering