Canyon topography effects on ground motion

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Title: Canyon topography effects on ground motion
Authors: Skiada, E
Kontoe, S
Stafford, P
Potts, D
Item Type: Conference Paper
Abstract: It is broadly known that topographic irregularities e ffect ground motions, with a particular enhance ment of the ground response close to convex topograph ic feat ures such as ridges and slope crests. Although there are many studies investigating the ground motion in the vicinity of slope crests, the response at the toe has not been studied in great detail, as the toe ground motion is normally considered to be smaller than that of the crest. However, for canyon topographies further investigation of the ground motion at the slope toe, where a more complicated response is expected due to the interaction of the canyon sides, is needed . The response of s emi -circular and semi -elliptical canyon s has been previously examined ; but mainly focus ing on valley s fi lled with soft materials . This paper considers a fully weathered canyon ( i.e. , without any in -fill material) aiming to investigate the influence of a canyon’s width on the surface ground motion through a parametric time - domain finite element (FE) study. A two -dimensional plane -strain model of an idealised canyon is considered for vertically propagating SV waves, using wavelets as input excitation. The model consists of two step -like slopes with slope height (H), in a homogeneous linear elastic soil layer ov erlying rigid bedrock. The analyse s focus first on the canyon slope areas , where the ground motion is altered depending upon the proximity to the topograph ic irregularity, identifying the main parameters that effect the response. Results are also presented for several points along the canyon ground surface show ing that the distribution of topographic aggravation varies significantly with canyon width .
Issue Date: 9-Jan-2017
Date of Acceptance: 26-Sep-2016
Publisher: WCEE
Journal / Book Title: WCEE Online Proceedings
Copyright Statement: © 2017 The Authors
Sponsor/Funder: Geotechnical Consulting Group
Geotechnical Consulting Group
Funder's Grant Number: GCG Chair
Conference Name: 16th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering
Publication Status: Accepted
Start Date: 2017-01-09
Finish Date: 2017-01-13
Conference Place: Santiago, Chile
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering
Civil and Environmental Engineering

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