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Electromechanical response of bulk PZT 95/5 and associated polymers across temperature and strain rate

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Title: Electromechanical response of bulk PZT 95/5 and associated polymers across temperature and strain rate
Authors: Khan, Amnah Sehar
Item Type: Thesis or dissertation
Abstract: Piezoelectricity is the ability of certain, non-conductive, materials to generate an electrical charge when pressure is applied to them. The voltage produced is directly proportional to the applied stress. The amount of charge generated can depend on, for example, the applied strain rate or the temperature. Due to this ability, piezoceramics, such as PZT ceramics, find use in many different applications, primarily as sensors or actuators. Sensors work by detecting pressure, mechanically deforming and thus producing a voltage. Actuators, on the other hand, mechanically deform upon application of an electric field. To develop a better understanding of the piezoelectric ceramic lead zirconate titanate (PZT) 95/5, a range of studies including varying temperatures, porosities, and strain rates have been conducted. The effects on the voltage output and failure of poled PZT samples of different porosities have been investigated using different compressive strain rates (10^-4 – 10^4 s^-1), reached with quasi-static loading equipment, drop-weight towers, and Split Hopkinson Pressure Bars (SHPBs). The main cylindrical specimens were of 4.4 mm diameter, thickness 0.8 - 4.4 mm, and density 7.3 - 8.3 g cm^-3. The temperature range of -20°C to +80°C was achieved using purpose-built environmental chambers. The resulting stress-strain relationships are compared; all the samples ultimately displaying a brittle response at failure [1]. To support this work, ideal geometric specimen sizes were identified for the different types of loading experiment, by carrying out a range of strain-rate compression experiments on well-studied materials such as aluminium and copper. In addition, different experimental platforms were successfully developed in order to reach non-ambient temperatures in the Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar experiments. Finally, as piezoceramics, when used in real world applications, are often coated in protective layers of polymer, several different types of industrial polymer have been characterised across the full range of strain rates and temperatures.
Content Version: Open Access
Issue Date: Dec-2016
Date Awarded: Jun-2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/48495
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25560/48495
Supervisor: Proud, William
Sponsor/Funder: AWE (Firm)
Department: Physics
Publisher: Imperial College London
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Qualification Name: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Appears in Collections:Physics PhD theses

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