One-dimensional modelling of mixing, dispersion and segregation of multiphase fluids flowing in pipelines

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Title: One-dimensional modelling of mixing, dispersion and segregation of multiphase fluids flowing in pipelines
Authors: Tomasello, Antonino
Item Type: Thesis or dissertation
Abstract: The flow of immiscible liquids in pipelines has been studied in this work in order to formulate a one-dimensional model for the computer analysis of two-phase liquid-liquid flow in horizontal pipes. The model simplifies the number of flow patterns commonly encountered in liquid-liquid flow to stratified flow, fully dispersed flow and partial dispersion with the formation of one or two different emulsions. The model is based on the solution of continuity equations for dispersed and continuous phase; correlations available in the literature are used for the calculation of the maximum and mean dispersed phase drop diameter, the emulsion viscosity, the phase inversion point, the liquid-wall friction factors, liquid-liquid friction factors at interface and the slip velocity between the phases. In absence of validated models for entrainment and deposition in liquid-liquid flow, two entrainment rate correlations and two deposition models originally developed for gas-liquid flow have been adapted to liquid-liquid flow. The model was applied to the flow of oil and water; the predicted flow regimes have been presented as a function of the input water fraction and mixture velocity and compared with experimental results, showing an overall good agreement between calculation and experiments. Calculated values of oil-in-water and water-in-oil dispersed fractions were compared against experimental data for different oil and water superficial velocities, input water fractions and mixture velocities. Pressure losses calculated in the full developed flow region of the pipe, a crucial quantity in industrial applications, are reasonably close to measured values. Discrepancies and possible improvements of the model are also discussed. The model for two-phase flow was extended to three-phase liquid-liquid-gas flow within the framework of the two-fluid model. The two liquid phases were treated as a unique liquid phase with properly averaged properties. The model for three-phase flow thus developed was implemented in an existing research code for the simulation of three-phase slug flow with the formation of emulsions in the liquid phase and phase inversion phenomena. Comparisons with experimental data are presented.
Issue Date: Jan-2009
Date Awarded: Jan-2009
Supervisor: Issa, Raad
Lawrence, Christopher
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), the Department of Trade and Industry
Author: Tomasello, Antonino
Department: Mechanical Engineering
Publisher: Imperial College London
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Qualification Name: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Appears in Collections:Mechanical Engineering PhD theses

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