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Private and public modes of bicycle commuting: a perspective on attitude and perception.

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Title: Private and public modes of bicycle commuting: a perspective on attitude and perception.
Authors: Curto, A
De Nazelle, A
Donaire-Gonzalez, D
Cole-Hunter, T
Garcia-Aymerich, J
Martínez, D
Anaya, E
Rodríguez, D
Jerrett, M
Nieuwenhuijsen, MJ
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Public bicycle-sharing initiatives can act as health enhancement strategies among urban populations. The aim of the study was to determine which attitudes and perceptions of behavioural control toward cycling and a bicycle-sharing system distinguish commuters with a different adherence to bicycle commuting.  METHODS: The recruitment process was conducted in 40 random points in Barcelona from 2011 to 2012. Subjects completed a telephone-based questionnaire including 27 attitude and perception statements. Based on their most common one-way commute trip and willingness to commute by bicycle, subjects were classified into Private Bicycle (PB), public bicycle or Bicing Bicycle (BB), Willing Non-bicycle (WN) and Non-willing Non-bicycle (NN) commuters. After reducing the survey statements through principal component analysis, a multinomial logistic regression model was obtained to evaluate associations between attitudinal and commuter sub-groups.  RESULTS: We included 814 adults in the analysis [51.6% female, mean (SD): age 36.6 (10.3) years]. BB commuters were 2.0 times [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.1-3.7] less likely to perceive bicycle as a quick, flexible and enjoyable mode compared to PB. BB, WN and NN were 2.5 (95% CI = 1.46-4.24), 2.6 (95% CI = 1.53-4.41) and 2.3 times (95% CI = 1.30-4.10) more likely to perceive benefits of using public bicycles (bicycle maintenance and parking avoidance, low cost and no worries about theft and vandalism) than did PB.  CONCLUSION: Willing non-bicycle and public-bicycle commuters had more favourable perception toward public-shared bicycles compared to private cyclists. Hence, public bicycles may be the impetus for those willing to start bicycle commuting, thereby increasing physical activity levels.
Issue Date: 8-Jan-2016
Date of Acceptance: 8-Jan-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/43204
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckv235
ISSN: 1464-360X
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Start Page: 717
End Page: 723
Journal / Book Title: European Journal of Public Health
Volume: 26
Issue: 4
Copyright Statement: © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Public Health
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Publication Status: Published
Appears in Collections:Centre for Environmental Policy
Grantham Institute for Climate Change
Faculty of Natural Sciences