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Turbulence Heating ObserveR – satellite mission proposal

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Title: Turbulence Heating ObserveR – satellite mission proposal
Authors: Vaivads, A
Retino, A
Soucek, J
Khotjaintsev, Y
Valentini, F
Escoubet, CP
Alexandrova, O
Andrea, M
Bale, SD
Balikhin, M
Burgess, D
Camporeale, E
Caprioli, D
Chen, CHK
Clacey, E
Cully, CM
De Keyser, J
Fazakerley, A
Eriksson, S
Goldstein, ML
Graham, DB
Haaland, S
Hoshino, M
Ji, J
Karimabadi, H
Kucharek, H
Lavraud, B
Marcucci, F
Matthaeus, WH
Moore, TE
Nakamura, R
Narita, Y
Nemecek, Z
Norgren, C
Opgenoorth, H
Palmroth, M
Perrone, D
Pincon, J-L
Rathsman, P
Rothkaehl, H
Sahraoui, F
Servidio, S
Sorriso-Valvo, L
Vainio, R
Voros, Z
Wimmer-Schweingruber, RF
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: The Universe is permeated by hot, turbulent, magnetized plasmas. Turbulent plasma is a major constituent of active galactic nuclei, supernova remnants, the intergalactic and interstellar medium, the solar corona, the solar wind and the Earth’s magnetosphere, just to mention a few examples. Energy dissipation of turbulent fluctuations plays a key role in plasma heating and energization, yet we still do not understand the underlying physical mechanisms involved. THOR is a mission designed to answer the questions of how turbulent plasma is heated and particles accelerated, how the dissipated energy is partitioned and how dissipation operates in different regimes of turbulence. THOR is a single-spacecraft mission with an orbit tuned to maximize data return from regions in near-Earth space – magnetosheath, shock, foreshock and pristine solar wind – featuring different kinds of turbulence. Here we summarize the THOR proposal submitted on 15 January 2015 to the ‘Call for a Medium-size mission opportunity in ESAs Science Programme for a launch in 2025 (M4)’. THOR has been selected by European Space Agency (ESA) for the study phase.
Issue Date: 22-Sep-2016
Date of Acceptance: 25-Aug-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/40676
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022377816000775
ISSN: 1469-7807
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Plasma Physics
Volume: 82
Issue: 5
Copyright Statement: © Cambridge University Press 2016 This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Fluids & Plasmas
0202 Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle And Plasma Physics
Open Access location: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-plasma-physics/article/turbulence-heating-observer-satellite-mission-proposal/01BB69B09206CE04C48BEDA8F24ED33C
Article Number: 905820501
Appears in Collections:Space and Atmospheric Physics