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A century of trends in adult human height

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Title: A century of trends in adult human height
Authors: Bentham, J
Di Cesare, M
Stevens, GA
Zhou, B
Bixby, H
Cowan, M
Fortunato, L
Bennett, J
Danaei, G
Hajifathalian, K
Lu, Y
Riley, LM
Laxmaiah, A
Kontis, V
Paciorek, CJ
Riboli, E
Ezzati, M
Chan, Q
Elliott, P
Gunter, M
Hihtaniemi, IT
Murphy, N
Norat, T
Riboli, E
Vineis, P
NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5–22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3–19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8–144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.
Issue Date: 26-Jul-2016
Date of Acceptance: 7-Jun-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/33599
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.13410
ISSN: 2050-084X
Publisher: eLife Sciences Publications
Journal / Book Title: eLife
Volume: 5
Copyright Statement: Copyright NCD Risk Factor Collaboration. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.
Sponsor/Funder: Grand Challenges Canada
Wellcome Trust
Funder's Grant Number: 0073-03
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: e13410
Appears in Collections:School of Public Health