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Quantifying the transport properties of solid oxide fuel cell electrodes

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Title: Quantifying the transport properties of solid oxide fuel cell electrodes
Authors: Cooper, Samuel
Item Type: Thesis or dissertation
Abstract: The performance of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) electrodes is determined both by their porous microstructure and the intrinsic properties of their component materials. This thesis details the development of two characterisation tools for analysis of mass and charge transport processes in SOFC electrode materials. Firstly, a new approach to isotopic exchange is described, which allows the oxygen self- diffusion (D^∗) and effective surface exchange (k^∗) to be measured in ambient atmospheres. This is significant as many similar studies in the literature are limited to investigations in pure, dry oxygen, or other proxy environments, which are not representative of realistic SOFC operating conditions. A finite difference simulation was created to generate profiles that were used to extract material parameters from this “back-exchange” data. The technique was then validated by comparison of the results from two experiments in pure, dry oxygen (both single step and back-exchange), which demonstrated good agreement with values of D ∗ and k ∗ in the literature, for the common SOFC cathode material La_0.6Sr_0.4Co_0.2Fe_0.8O_3−δ (LSCF6428). A third experiment found the surface exchange coefficient to increase by a factor of 5 when exchanged under ambient conditions compared with pure, dry oxygen. Secondly, following an introduction to the tortuosity factor, X-ray tomography was used to 3D image micro-tubular (MT) samples ( c. 1 mm diameter) at three key length-scales. A zirconia based MT-Solid Oxide Electrolyser Cell (SOEC) was imaged at the whole cell level, both before and after 300 hours operation at 750◦ C . Current collector contact was found to be poor even before operation, but afterwards the paste was seen to agglomerate into metallic silver and no longer span the gap to the current collector wire, which further degraded contact. A ceria based MT-SOFC with a hierarchical microstructure was then imaged at both the micro- and nanoscale. The geometry data was used to determine that the tortuosity factor of this radial system was significantly higher when measured at either length-scale in isolation, than when considered together in a multi length-scale model.
Content Version: Open Access
Issue Date: Nov-2015
Date Awarded: Mar-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/31600
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25560/31600
Supervisor: Kilner, John
Brandon, Nigel
Sponsor/Funder: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Funder's Grant Number: EP/J003085/1
Department: Materials
Publisher: Imperial College London
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Qualification Name: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Appears in Collections:Materials PhD theses

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