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Assaults, murders and walkers: The impact of violent crime on physical activity

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Title: Assaults, murders and walkers: The impact of violent crime on physical activity
Authors: Janke, K
Propper, C
Shields, MA
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: We investigate an underexplored externality of crime: the impact of violent crime on individuals’ participation in walking. For many adults walking is the only regular physical activity. We use a sample of nearly 1 million people in 323 small areas in England between 2005 and 2011 matched to quarterly crime data at the small area level. Within area variation identifies the causal effect of local violent crime on walking and a difference-in-difference analysis of two high-profile crimes corroborates our results. We find a significant deterrent effect of violent crime on walking that translates into a drop in overall physical activity.
Issue Date: 1-May-2016
Date of Acceptance: 11-Jan-2016
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/28864
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2016.01.006
ISSN: 0167-6296
Publisher: Elsevier
Start Page: 34
End Page: 49
Journal / Book Title: Journal of Health Economics
Volume: 47
Copyright Statement: © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Sponsor/Funder: Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC)
Funder's Grant Number: ES/J023108/1
Keywords: Externality
Local area
Physical activity
Violent crime
Walking
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Crime
England
Exercise
Female
Homicide
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Safety
Surveys and Questionnaires
Violence
Walking
Young Adult
Humans
Exercise
Walking
Safety
Crime
Homicide
Violence
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Middle Aged
England
Female
Male
Young Adult
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health Policy & Services
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1402 Applied Economics
1403 Econometrics
Publication Status: Published
Online Publication Date: 2016-01-20
Appears in Collections:Imperial College Business School



This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons