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Integrating Scale Out and Fault Tolerance in Stream Processing using Operator State Management

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Title: Integrating Scale Out and Fault Tolerance in Stream Processing using Operator State Management
Authors: Fernandez, RC
Migliavacca, M
Kalyvianaki, E
Pietzuch, P
Item Type: Conference Paper
Abstract: As users of big data applications expect fresh results, we witness a new breed of stream processing systems (SPS) that are designed to scale to large numbers of cloud-hosted machines. Such systems face new challenges: (i) to benefit from the pay-as-you-go model of cloud computing, they must scale out on demand, acquiring additional virtual machines (VMs) and parallelising operators when the workload increases; (ii) failures are common with deployments on hundreds of VMs - systems must be fault-tolerant with fast recovery times, yet low per-machine overheads. An open question is how to achieve these two goals when stream queries include stateful operators, which must be scaled out and recovered without affecting query results. Our key idea is to expose internal operator state explicitly to the SPS through a set of state management primitives. Based on them, we describe an integrated approach for dynamic scale out and recovery of stateful operators. Externalised operator state is checkpointed periodically by the SPS and backed up to upstream VMs. The SPS identifies individual operator bottlenecks and automatically scales them out by allocating new VMs and partitioning the check-pointed state. At any point, failed operators are recovered by restoring checkpointed state on a new VM and replaying unprocessed tuples. We evaluate this approach with the Linear Road Benchmark on the Amazon EC2 cloud platform and show that it can scale automatically to a load factor of L=350 with 50 VMs, while recovering quickly from failures. Copyright © 2013 ACM.
Editors: Papadias, D
Issue Date: 29-Jul-2013
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/11129
Publisher: ACM
Start Page: 1
End Page: 12
Copyright Statement: © 2013 ACM. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of ACM for your personal use. Not for redistribution.
Conference Name: ACM International Conference on Management of Data (SIGMOD)
Conference Location: New York, NY
Start Date: 2013-06-22
Finish Date: 2013-06-27
Conference Place: New York, New York
Appears in Collections:Computing