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Renormalization Group Analysis of Equilibrium and Non-equilibrium Charged Systems

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Title: Renormalization Group Analysis of Equilibrium and Non-equilibrium Charged Systems
Authors: Barkhudarov, Evgeny
Item Type: Thesis or dissertation
Abstract: In this thesis we investigate properties of equilibrium and non-equilibrium systems by means of renormalization group (RG) analysis. In the study of the d-dimensional Coulomb gas we have formulated a continuum model from the underlying hyper-cubic lattice and employed the irreducible differential formulation of the Wilson RG.We have identified a Thouless-Kosterletz transition in d=2 and found no non-trivial fixed points for d>2. As an example of a non-equilibrium system, we have investigated properties of quasi-neutral plasmas which are governed by stochastic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations. The present method is based upon the Martin-Siggia-Rose field-theory formulation of stochastic dynamics. We develop a diagrammatic representation for the theory and carry out a momentum-shell RG of Wilson-Kadanoff type. An infinite set of diagrams is identified which are marginal in the RG sense. We have shown, in accordance with previous literature, that the same problem arises for the randomly-forced Navier-Stokes equation. The problem of marginal variables can be suppressed by working near equilibrium, where stochastic forcing represents thermal fluctuations. In a similar manner we have considered regimes when MHD equations are subject either to kinetic or magnetic forcing only. In such models the macroscopic limit can be taken such that all marginal terms are irrelevant and the dynamics is governed by linear equations. Furthermore, non-trivial fixed points are identified in such regimes and limiting values of either kinematic viscosity or magnetic diffusivity are derived. A consistent description of MHD dynamics far from equilibrium is still absent. We highlight some of the aspects of the functional integral formulation with regards to the symmetries of the system and propose possible ways in which the system can be studied non-pertubatively.
Issue Date: Sep-2012
Date Awarded: Mar-2013
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/11049
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25560/11049
Supervisor: Vvedensky, Dimitri
Department: Physics
Publisher: Imperial College London
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Qualification Name: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Appears in Collections:Physics PhD theses



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