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A novel tool to quantify in vivo lumbar spine kinematics and 3D intervertebral disc strains using clinical MRI

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Title: A novel tool to quantify in vivo lumbar spine kinematics and 3D intervertebral disc strains using clinical MRI
Authors: Tavana, S
Davis, B
Canali, I
Scott, K
Leong, JJH
Freedman, BA
Newell, N
Item Type: Journal Article
Abstract: Medical imaging modalities that calculate tissue morphology alone cannot provide direct information regarding the mechanical behaviour of load-bearing musculoskeletal organs. Accurate in vivo measurement of spine kinematics and intervertebral disc (IVD) strains can provide important information regarding the mechanical behaviour of the spine, help to investigate the effects of injuries on the mechanics of the spine, and assess the effectiveness of treatments. Additionally, strains can serve as a functional biomechanical marker for detecting normal and pathologic tissues. We hypothesised that combining digital volume correlation (DVC) with 3T clinical MRI can provide direct information regarding the mechanics of the spine. Here, we have developed a novel non-invasive tool for in vivo displacement and strain measurement within the human lumbar spine and we used this tool to calculate lumbar kinematics and IVD strains in six healthy subjects during lumbar extension. The proposed tool enabled spine kinematics and IVD strains to be measured with errors that did not exceed 0.17 mm and 0.5%, respectively. The findings of the kinematics study identified that during extension the lumbar spine of healthy subjects experiences total 3D translations ranging from 1 mm to 4.5 mm for different vertebral levels. The findings of strain analysis identified that the average of the maximum tensile, compressive, and shear strains for different lumbar levels during extension ranged from 3.5% to 7.2%. This tool can provide base-line data that can be used to describe the mechanical environment of healthy lumbar spine, which can help clinicians manage preventative treatments, define patient-specific treatments, and to monitor the effectiveness of surgical and non-surgical interventions.
Issue Date: Apr-2023
Date of Acceptance: 11-Feb-2023
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/102154
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2023.105730
ISSN: 1751-6161
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Start Page: 1
End Page: 12
Journal / Book Title: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume: 140
Copyright Statement: © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Publication Status: Published
Article Number: 105730
Online Publication Date: 2023-02-13
Appears in Collections:Bioengineering

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